Install Official Guacamole on Docker

by RamWise
Published: Last Updated on 2.2k views

Guacamole is a clientless remote desktop gateway for VNC, RDP, and SSH protocols. Using this you can connect to any of your computers via a web browser. It can be installed as a standalone application or as a docker image. Docker installation is the easiest to install and maintain.

Here we shall see how to install Guacamole as a docker container and connect to a remote machine quickly.

Installing Guacamole Docker container

1. Create a new bridge network for your containers to communicate. Alternatively you can do this on Poratainer too, under Networks -> Add network.

docker network create -d bridge intranet 

2. On Portainer, add a new stack with name Guacamole. Leave the Build method as Web Editor.

3. Copy the below compose file content into the Web editor. You can customize if needed and deploy.

version: "2"
services:
  db:
    image: mariadb
    restart: unless-stopped
    container_name: mariadb
    environment:
      - MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=rootpw
      - MYSQL_DATABASE=guacamole_db
      - MYSQL_USER=guacamole_user
      - MYSQL_PASSWORD=guacamolepw
    volumes:
      - /opt/container/mariadb:/var/lib/mysql
    ports:
      - 3306:3306
    hostname: mariadb
    networks:
      - intranet

  guacd:
    image: guacamole/guacd
    container_name: guacd
    hostname: guacd
    restart: always
    volumes:
      - /opt/container/guacamole/guacd:/etc/guacamole
    ports:
      - 4822:4822
    networks:
      - intranet

  guacamole:
    image: guacamole/guacamole
    container_name: guacamole
    hostname: guacamole
    restart: always
    volumes:
      - /opt/container/guacamole/guacamole:/etc/guacamole
    ports:
      - 8080:8080
    environment:
      - GUACD_HOSTNAME=guacd
      - GUACD_PORT=4822
      - GUACAMOLE_HOME=/etc/guacamole
      - MYSQL_HOSTNAME=mariadb
      - MYSQL_PORT=3306
      - MYSQL_DATABASE=guacamole_db
      - MYSQL_USER=guacamole_user
      - MYSQL_PASSWORD=guacamolepw
    networks:
      - intranet

networks:
  intranet:
    external:
      name: intranet 

4. Guacamole needs the tables configured in the MariaDB docker container to work. The below to commands accomplish that. After running the above commands, make sure to restart all three containers.

docker run --rm guacamole/guacamole /opt/guacamole/bin/initdb.sh --mysql > initdb.sql

docker exec -i mariadb mysql -u root --password=rootpw guacamole_db  < initdb.sql 

5. Then, go to http://localhost:8080/guacamole/ and login with default credentials guacadmin:guacadmin. Now you have successfully installed Guacamole on docker.

Guacamole Docker install Featured Image

5 comments

Poe July 23, 2022 - 10:41 am

Hey I tried this self hosted solution out, a couple things to note. The docker compose script expects the network “intranet” to already be created, if not you’ll get an error message about intranet being depracated. Secondly I while I was able to get around the first issue by manually running “docker network create intranet”, there was a second issue with the guacamole container that I was unable to solve, it starts up fine but the logs just repeat this message over and over again.
“cp: cannot stat ‘/data/.’: No such file or directory”

Reply
diytechguru_admin July 25, 2022 - 6:58 am

Ah! Thanks for taking the time to comment here. I fixed the script and updated it here.

Reply
Poe July 25, 2022 - 11:31 am

Cheers it fixed! One last note it’s http://localhost:3080/guacamole/ instead of 8080 to get to the webadmin panel not sure if you wanted to use that port or not. Doesn’t matter to me.

Reply
diytechguru_admin July 26, 2022 - 1:28 am

Thanks again! I think that was a typo. I fixed the port mapping.

Reply
Bakinshake July 30, 2022 - 2:03 pm

Would it be possible to add a bit on how to enable TOTP for 2fa? Thanks!

Reply

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